Discursive Strategies

Grade Level: K – 2, 3 – 5

Colour, Symbol, Image

This routine invites students to identify the main ideas in a text and represent them in nonverbal ways.

Grade Level: K – 2, 3 – 5

Concept Mapping (Stars and Constellations)

Students individually and collectively surface their prior knowledge, assumptions, and conclusions about an essential question.

Grade Level: K – 2, 3 – 5

Discursive Sentence Starters

Hand gestures can signal the kind of thinking move a student intends to make when it’s their turn.

Grade Level: K – 2, 3 – 5

Discussion Passport

When you’re travelling, you need a valid passport to gain admission to other’s lands. Another person’s ideas are a bit like another land, and it’s important to travel there respectfully.

Grade Level: K – 2, 3 – 5

Four Corners

Students individually and collectively surface their prior knowledge, assumptions, and conclusions about an essential question.

Grade Level: K – 2, 3 – 5

See, Think, Wonder

This routine asks students to silently observe images/text and note the details or importance of the image/text.

Grade Level: K – 2, 3 – 5

Sentence, Phrase, Word

This discursive and thinking routine supports students to think about big ideas and provides a structure for conversation.

Grade Level: K – 2, 3 – 5

Silent Conversations

This strategy provides a safe space to find new points of connection, tension, and curiosity.

Grade Level: K – 2, 3 – 5

Windows and Mirrors

A discursive strategy to clarify and deepen knowledge of the text or topic

Grade Level: 6 – 8, 9 – 12

Citizenship Education Instructional Strategies Resource

Concentus citizenship inquiries invite teachers and students to meet K-12 Social Studies, History, and Native Studies outcomes in the context of rich units of inquiry. The inquiries themselves are means of cultivating the Essential Citizenship Competencies (ECCs) integral to justice-oriented citizenship.

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Teacher Toolkit Discursive Strategies